Composer and head of the Music Department of the University of Massachusetts Amherst who received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1971. Includes materials relating to the development, performance, and publication of a number of Bezanson's compositions, including scores and parts for 46 of his 47 instrumental and vocal compositions, correspondence, programs and posters for performances of his works, papers relating to the development of the opera Golden Child, on which he collaborated with Paul Engle and which was performed on national television, score of the opera Stranger in Eden, with libretto by William A. Reardon, other papers, and one sound recording.
The collection is open for research.
Background on Philip T. Bezanson
A native of Athol, Massachusetts, Philip T. Bezanson (1916-1975) graduated from Yale University School of Music in 1940. Following war work and military service during World War II, he enrolled in the graduate program in musical composition at the State University of Iowa, Iowa City. He joined its faculty in 1948 and received his Ph.D. there in 1951. In 1954 he was appointed head of the program in musical composition, and in 1961 he was made full professor. In 1964, Dr. Bezanson was appointed to the faculty and named head of the Music Department of the University of Massachusetts Amherst. He held the latter post until 1973 when he returned to full-time teaching at the University for the last two years of his life.
Dr. Bezanson was active as a composer, particularly from 1946 through 1975, and he received several awards, including the prestigious Fromm Foundation award for his piano sonata in 1953. He also received a number of commissions, notably in 1953 from Dimitri Mitropoulos for a piano concerto, and in 1960 for the score to the opera "Golden Child", which was performed on national television on the Hallmark Theatre. In addition to his activities as a composer and teacher of music, Dr. Bezanson was active in the Music Teacher's National Association.
Dr. Bezanson received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1971 and a Distinguished Alumni Award from Yale in 1974. The Bezanson Recital Hall in the Fine Arts Center of the University of Massachusetts Campus is named in his honor.
Contents of Collection
Materials relating to the development, performance, and publication of a number of Bezanson's compositions, including scores and parts for 46 of his 47 instrumental and vocal compositions, correspondence, programs and posters for performances of his works, papers relating to the development of the opera Golden Child, on which he collaborated with Paul Engle and which was performed on national television, score of the opera Stranger in Eden, with libretto by William A. Reardon, and other papers.
Sound recordings for Bezanson's works can be found in the University Archives, Record Group 185. Others exist and are shelved among the holdings in the Music Library, W.E.B. Du Bois Library. (Use the Library Catalog to locate titles.)
Voice and instrumental parts for at least one of Dr. Bezanson's works are in the Music Library of the University of Iowa.
|Series 1. Papers||1951-1980||
This series is arranged topically, and the folders are filed alphabetically by topic, except for the inventory folder, filed first, and miscellaneous materials, filed last.
Scope and content:
Includes clippings of newspaper articles about performances of Dr. Bezanson's works and some correspondence relating to performances, publication or copyrights of his works. In a few cases, he drafted replies on the versos of incoming letters. In addition, there are programs and posters for musical performances which included one or another of Dr. Bezanson's works, and material relating to several of his vocal works, most notably the opera Golden Child and its earlier version, Western Child in which he collaborated with the poet Paul Engle. These materials include several versions of the libretto and show some of the development of that text. Included also are an early synopsis of the opera's plot, sketches of its melody lines, and schedules for its rehearsal prior to its television performance.
Two fragments of musical revisions, detached from unknown scores, and thirteen unlabeled music notebook sheets are in folder 20. Two oversized items are filed as the first two items' in box 2.
Materials relating to the late Professor Howard M. Lebow, and the scholarship fund in his name, and to the second concert to benefit that fund, have been either removed to the Lebow and scholarship files of the Archives or destroyed.
|Series 2. Scores||1946-1975||
Titles have been standardized as much as possible, favoring the cover page version, and are listed in alphabetical order.
Scope and content:
The earliest of the 47 scores in this series dates from 1946, and most of the 37 scores for which there is an indication of the date were completed over the 25-year period from 1951 through 1975. The ten undated works appear to have been written between 1946 and 1956. One of the composer's works, Saint Judas, is known to have been retained by the donor. Two lists of the composer's works (see Series I, folder 7), one chronological and the other analytical and incomplete, vary somewhat in the titles given the works, and both often vary from the name given on the cover page of the score itself.
The series contains eleven works with vocal parts, including two operas. The lyrics for four of the works, including one of the operas, were provided by Paul Engle. Lyricists and sources of lyrics for vocal works are: the Bible (11), William Blake (8, 37), Paul Engle (20, 26, 28, 36; See also Series 1), Keith Gunderson (8), Robert Herrick (8), Joseph Langland (22), Abraham Lincoln (21), Christopher Marlowe (44), and William Reardon (38).
Although most of the scores are in the form of copies photoreproduced from holograph scores, there are nine holographs and three published scores in this series. Many scores include more or less extensive annotations, presumably those of the composer. Doubtless many of them were meant only to clarify or to emphasize musical points for the benefit of the performer or conductor, but there are a number of instances of changes in musical lines, and there are several instances of rather extensive revisions of music which were reproduced and pasted or attached by transparent tape over the text to be revised.
Citations show the most complete and standard name of the work, its date and performance time where found, and, for vocal works, the name of the lyricist; under each title the kinds of scores and instrumental parts or reductions and the number of copies of each part in the Papers are listed. There are some 389 copies of scores and parts in the collection, and additional photocopies of parts. Where appropriate, indications of the composer's changes and annotations are noted. Unless otherwise indicated, all parts are reproduced from holograph scores.
Voice and instrumental parts for "Song of the Cedar" are in the Music library of the University of Iowa.
|Series 1. Papers||1951-1980||
||Box 1: 1|
|Biographical: Vita, clips||1959-1964||
||Box 1: 2|
||Box 1: 3|
||Box 1: 3A|
||Box 1: 4|
|Correspondence: General musical||1956-1964||
||Box 1: 5|
|Correspondence: American Composers' Alliance||1960-1964||
||Box 1: 6|
|Lists of works||1946-1975||
||Box 1: 7|
|Programs and posters||1956-1964||
||Box 1: 8|
|Programs and posters||1964-1980||
||Box 1: 9|
|Works: Requiem for the State University of Iowa Dead||1956||
||Box 1: 10|
|Works: Golden Child - rehearsal schedule||1960||
||Box 1: 11|
|Works: Golden Child - libretto no. 1||1960||
||Box 1: 12|
|Works: Golden Child - libretto no. 2||1960||
||Box 1: 13|
|Works: Golden Child - libretto revisions||1960||
||Box 1: 14|
|Works: Golden Child - libretto, mimeo||1960||
||Box 1: 15|
|Works: Western Child - vita , correspondence, libretto and music||1960||
||Box 1: 16|
|Works: Western Child - libretto no. 1||1959, 1960||
||Box 1: 17|
|Works: Western Child - libretto no. 2||1959, 1960||
||Box 1: 18|
|Works: Dies Domini Magnus (Great Day of the Lord)||1971||
||Box 1: 19|
|Works: fragments, unlabeled||n.d.||
||Box 1: 20|
||Box 1: 21|
|Poster for concert of "Friday, April 25||n.d.||
||Box 2: 22|
|Certificate of appointment to Massachusetts Council on Arts and Humanities||1966-1967||
||Box 2: 23|
|Series 2. Scores||1946-1975||
|Anniversary overture for concert band (for the 75th anniversary of the State University of Iowa Concert Band). 7 minutes 30 seconds. Full score, annotated.||1956||
||Box 2: 1|
|Brass sextet. Three movements. 6.8 minutes, or 8-9 minutes. Full score and parts for 2 trumpets, 2 horns, 2 trombones. Full score gives one time, and one of the parts, another.||c. 1974||
||Box 2: 2|
|Capriccio concertante. Three movements. 16 minutes. Full score (annotated) and parts for 1st flute and piccolo, 2nd flute, 1st oboe, 2nd oboe, 1st bassoon; 2nd bassoon, 1st clarinet, 2nd clarinet, bass clarinet, 1st horn, 2nd horn, 1st trumpet, 2nd trumpet, 1st trombone, 2nd trombone, bass trombone, timpani, snare drum, and triangle, xylophone, 4 bass- 6 cello- 5 viola, 8 1st violin, and 8 2nd violin. For first movement only, 2 full scores and parts for 3 bass, 5 cello 3 viola-, 8 1st violin and 8 2nd violin (annotated). 80 parts in all.||1967||
||Box 2-3: 3|
|Children's suite for piano, [for?] James Stratton. Five movements. Score.||ca 1946||
||Box 3: 4|
|Church sonatina for organ. Three movements. 12 minutes. Holograph score, annotated.||1946||
||Box 3: 5|
|Concertino for oboe and string orchestra. 7 minutes. Full score and part for piano.||1969||
||Box 3: 6|
|Concerto for piano and orchestra, to Dimitri Mitropoulos. Three movements. 22 minutes. Full score and parts for piano, 1st flute, 2nd flute, piccolo, 1st oboe, 2nd oboe, 1st clarinet, 2nd clarinet, bass clarinet, 1st bassoon, 2nd bassoon, contra bassoon, 1st horn, 2nd horn, 3rd horn, 4th horn, 1st trumpet, 2nd trumpet, 3rd trumpet, 1st trombone, 2nd trombone, 3rd trombone, tuba, timpani, snare drum, bass drum/cymbal, 9 1st violin, 9 2nd violin, 6 viola, 6 cello and 4 bass. All parts annotated. 60 parts in all.||1952 (revised, 1960)||
||Box 3: 7|
|Contrasts for voice and piano. Lyrics by Robert Herrick, Keith Gunderson and William Blake. 5 minutes. Full score, 2 copies. Both copies annotated.||1966||
||Box 4: 8|
|Cyrano de Bergerac overture. 6.5 minutes. Full score and parts for 2 1st flute, 2nd flute, piccolo, 1st oboe, 2nd oboe, 1st clarinet, 2nd clarinet, 1st bassoon, 2nd bassoon, 1st horn, 2nd horn, 3rd horn, 4th horn, 1st trumpet, 2nd trumpet, 3rd trumpet, 1st trombone, 2nd trombone, 3rd trombone, tuba, timpani, 8 1st violin, 8 2nd violin, 6 viola, 5 cello, 5 double bass. Nearly all parts are annotated. 55 parts in all.||n.d.||
||Box 4: 9|
|Dance Scherzo for small orchestra. Full score.||n.d.||
||Box 4: 10|
|Dies Domini Magnus. Text from the Bible. 7 minutes 20 seconds. Full score and part for piano.||1971||
||Box 4: 11|
|Diversion for brass trio. Three movements. 9 minutes. Full 1967 score and parts for trumpet, horn, trombone.||1967, 1968||
||Box 4: 12|
|Divertimento for eight wind instruments. Three movements. Full Holograph score and parts for flute, oboe, 1st clarinet, 2nd clarinet, 1st horn, 2nd horn, 1st bassoon, 2nd bassoon.||n.d.||
||Box 4: 13|
|Divertimento for organ, brass and timpani. Two movements. 9 minutes. Full score and parts for 1st trumpet, 2nd trumpet, 1st trombone, 2nd trombone, timpani.||1966||
||Box 5: 14|
|Duo for cello and piano. Three movements. 12 minutes 30 seconds. Full score and part for cello.||1965||
||Box 5: 15|
|Fantasy, fugue and finale for string orchestra. Three movements. 12 minutes. Full score and parts for 4 1st violin, 4 2nd violin, 3 viola, 3 cello, 2 bass. All parts annotated.||1951||
||Box 5: 16|
|Five miniatures for clarinet and cello. 6 minutes. Full score.||1969||
||Box 5: 17|
|Four bagatelles for violin and piano. 8 minutes 30 seconds. Full score and part for violin.||1969||
||Box 5: 18|
|Four pieces for Carol for piano. Full score.||n.d.||
||Box 5: 19|
|Golden child (opera in 3 acts). Text by Paul Engle. Act I: full scores for scenes 1 and 2, parts for voices for scene 1, and for scene 2. Act II: full score and part for voices. Act III: full score and part for voices. 8 parts in all. Also loose photocopies of voice parts. Some parts annotated. Western child (earlier version of Golden child). Full score showing some of the revisions.||1960||
||Box 6-7: 20|
|Great day of the Lord:||
|Homage to great Americans:||
|Memory. Text by Abraham, Lincoln. (For UMass Chamber Singers). 7 minutes. Full score, full holograph score and parts for 1st horn, 2nd horn, 3rd horn, 4th horn, 1st violin, 2nd violin, cello.||1975||
||Box 7: 21|
|Morning, noon, evening. Text by Joseph Langland. (For UMass Chorale). Full score for choir a cappella.||1966||
||Box 7: 22|
|Petite suite for woodwind septet. 7 minutes. Full score, holograph score.||1973||
||Box 7: 23|
|Piano trio. 14 minutes. Full score and parts for violin, cello.||1964||
||Box 7: 24|
|Prelude and dance for brass sextet. (Score and parts published by Interlocken Press). 7.5 minutes. Full score and parts for 1st trumpet, 2nd trumpet, horn, 1st trombone, 2nd trombone, tuba.||1961||
||Box 7: 25|
|Requiem for the University of Iowa dead. Text by Paul Engle. 6 minutes. Score.||1955||
||Box 7: 26|
|Rondo-prelude for orchestra. 8 minutes. Full score, annotated.||1954||
||Box 8: 27|
|Seven songs from the word of love. Text by Paul Engle. (Robber, Cornered, Night scene, Grass, Fight, City and Felon). 15 minutes. Full score.||1956||
||Box 8: 28|
|Sextette for woodwinds and piano. 15 minutes. Full score and parts for flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn.||1956||
||Box 8: 29|
|Sinfonia concertante. (Commissioned by the School of Music, University of Iowa, for the dedication of the Philip Greely Clapp Recital Hall). 14 minutes. Full score.||1971||
||Box 8: 30|
|Sonata for piano. 15 minutes. 2 copies of full score and holograph score, both annotated.||1951||
||Box 8: 31|
|Sonata for violin. Full score and part for violin.||n.d.||
||Box 8: 33|
|Sonata for violin and piano, No. 2. 15 minutes. Full score and part for violin. Annotated.||1953||
||Box 8: 34|
|Sonatina for clarinet and piano. 12 minutes. Full score, holograph score and part for clarinet (2 versions). Clarinet parts are annotated.||1955||
||Box 8: 35|
|Song of the Cedar. Text by Paul Engle. 30 minutes. Holograph full score and camera-ready piano and vocal score.||1958||
||Box 9: 36|
|Songs of innocence, six texts by William Blake. 15 minutes. Full score and parts for voice and piano, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, 1st horn, 2nd horn, double bass, 4 violins, 2 violas, cello.||1959||
||Box 9: 37|
|Stranger in Eden. Text by William Reardon, in 3 acts. 3 hours, 15 minutes. Act I: voice. Act II: full score and part for voice. Act III: full score and part for voice. Instrumental parts for 1st flute, 2nd flute and piccolo, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, 1st horn, 2nd horn, 1st trumpet, 2nd trumpet, 1st trombone, 2nd trombone, percussion, timpani. Also camera-ready copies of voices for Act I, Act II and Act III. 27 parts in all.||1963||
||Box 10-12A-D: 38|
|String quartet No. 1. Published by Theodore Presser. Published full score and parts for 1st violin, 2nd violin, viola, cello. Also processed copies of parts for 1st violin, 2nd violin, viola, cello.||1962||
||Box 13: 39|
|String quartet in C. Full score and parts for 1st violin, 2nd violin, viola, cello.||n.d.||
||Box 13: 40|
|String trio. 12 minutes. Full score and parts for 2 violin, 2 viola, 2 cello. One copy of each part is annotated. Holdings include both original and copy of score.||1953||
||Box 13: 41|
|Symphony in B. Holograph score.||n.d.||
||Box 14: 42|
|Symphony No. 2. Full score.||n.d.||
||Box 14: 43|
|That time may cease and midnight never come. Text by Christopher Marlowe. Full score and parts for voice and piano.||1968||
||Box 14: 44|
|Three pieces for piano, for John Simms (prelude, rondo, sonatina in one movement). Score and holograph score for prelude and rondo; score for sonatina.||n.d.||
||Box 14: 45|
|Trio for clarinet, horn and piano. 10 minutes 30 seconds. Full score and parts for clarinet, horn. Annotated.||1966||
||Box 14: 46|
|Woodwind quintet: homage to great Americans. In four movements: Theodore Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Paine, George Washington. 20 minutes. Full score and parts for flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn. Annotated.||1958||
||Box 14: 47|
|Woodwind quintet: In three movements. Parts for flute, oboe, clarinet in Bb, basson, and horn in F.||n.d.||
||Box 14: 48|
Acquired from Lillian Bezanson, 1975.
Sound recordings for Bezanson's works can be found in the University Archives, Record Group 185. Others exist and are shelved among the holdings in the Music Library, W.E.B. Du Bois Library. (Use the Library Catalog to locate titles.). Voice and instrumental parts for at least one of Dr. Bezanson's works are in the Music Library of the University of Iowa.
Processed by W. B. Cook, Jr., November 1981.
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Cite as: Philip T. Bezanson Papers (RG 40/11 Bezanson). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.