Abstract

Paper company based in Holyoke, Massachusetts that at one time controlled 75% of the total United States fine paper output. Records include board of directors' minutes, by-laws, blueprints, land transactions, merger agreements, and publications. Labor files (1936-1960) comprise the bulk of the collection and include contracts, correspondence, grievances, and negotiations.

Access

The collection is open for research.

Language:

English
Special Collections & University Archives
UMass Amherst Libraries
154 Hicks Way
Amherst, Mass. 01003-9275
413-545-2780
American Writing Paper Company Records
1851-1960
21 boxes (9.5 linear ft.)
Call no.: MS 62

Background on American Writing Paper Company

The American Writing Paper Company in Holyoke, Massachusetts incorporated and began operations in 1899. Sixteen of its mills were in Holyoke, comprising over half of the mills owned and operated by the newly-formed trust. At the time of its incorporation, the trust controlled 75% of the total United States fine paper output. During its history, the American Writing Paper Company twice declared bankruptcy, experienced labor strikes, and reorganized. In 1962, it was re-named the Holyoke Shares Incorporated and, in 1970, was completely liquidated.

Mills began appearing along the banks of the Connecticut River after the Holyoke dam and canal system implementation in 1848. The first paper mill was established in Holyoke in 1853. In 1873, 15 paper mills operated with capacity of 48.5 tons per day and by 1897, 26 mills operated with increased capacity of 320 tons per day. Holyoke became known as the "Paper City of the World." The paper making industry flourished in Holyoke due to several factors, including a steady and plentiful water supply for powering the mills, access to water that did not require chemical treatment to be used in the manufacturing process, and the presence of textile mills nearby providing regular supplies of rags necessary for the manufacture of rag content papers.

Contents of Collection

Records in this collection pertain primarily to the corporate history, operations, business transactions, labor concerns, and organizational structure of the American Writing Paper Company Records include board of directors' minutes, by-laws, blueprints, land transactions, merger agreements, and printed material, with the bulk of the collection comprised of labor files (1920-1966) including contracts, correspondence, grievances, and negotiations. The principle strengths of the collection are in areas of labor relations and collective bargaining. Absent in this collection are labor records from the first twenty years of American Writing Paper Company during which several strikes occurred.

Organization of the Collection
Series descriptions

Official documents. legal papers, certificates, property descriptions and locations, board of directors votes and minutes, executive and advisory minutes, correspondence, and reincorporation minutes comprise this series.

1900-1941, 1951

Series 2 is comprised of annual reports, legal and property records, official documents, legal papers, correspondence, real estate transfers, foreclosures, blueprints, and insurance forms. Notable in this series are the drawings and diagrams of dandy rolls and property blueprints.

1936-1960

Arrangement:

Chronologically arranged.

Scope and content:

Divided into Master Labor files chronologically arranged and Labor Subject files, Series 3 comprises newspaper clippings, correspondence, labor agreements, contracts, and grievances. Material related to labor relations, union negotiation, and collective bargaining is notable in this series.

Pamphlets, publications, sales catalogs, and a postage stamp comprise Series 4. Of note are the "Eagle A" pamphlets that contain names, photographs, company history, and social events, and black and white photographs of paper mills and machinery.

Collection inventory
Series 1. Organization and Administration
1899-1937

Incorporation and By-Laws:


Plan of Incorporation
1899

Box 1: 1
Founding meeting
1899

Box 1: 2
Certificate of Incorporation
1899

Box 1: 3
Amended Certificate of Incorporation
1902

Box 1: 4
Certificate of Incorporation
1927

Box 1: 5
Amendment
1928

Box 1: 6
By-laws
1899

Box 1: 7
Charter and By-laws
1914-1918

Box 1: 8-9
By-laws
1927, 1935

Box 1: 10-11
Board of Directors:


Votes and minutes
1899-1917

Box 2: 12-30
Letters of resignation
1901-1912

Box 2: 31
Executive and Advisory Committee:


Minutes
1917-1923

Box 3: 32-38
Board of Directors:


Reincorporation meeting minutes
1927

Box 4: 39-43
Minutes
1927-1933

Box 5: 44-50
Minutes
1933-1937

Box 6: 51-56
Series 2. Executive
1900-1941, 1951

Annual report
1900-1941, 1951

Box 7: 57-64
Legal and Property:


Agreement with George LaMonte
1909

Box 8: 65
Application for NYSE List
n.d.

Box 8: 66
Appraisal
1917-1940

Box 8: 67-70
Authority of Transact Business, Ohio & Michigan
1899

Box 8: 71-72
Bondholders
1923

Box 8: 73
Certificate of Decrease in Capital Stock
1908

Box 8: 74
Certificate of Reduction of Capital
1933-1934

Box 8: 75
Closed Mills
1943-1949

Box 8: 76
Crocker Mfg. Co.
1885-1895

Box 8: 77-78
Crocker-McElwain
1907

Box 8: 79
Deed Transfer-AWP Divisions
1899

Box 8: 80-87
Deposit Agreement
1918

Box 8: 88
Division Assessments
1909

Box 8: 89
Division Descriptions
n.d.

Box 8: 90-94
Foreclosure
1926

Box 8: 95
Goodnow v. AWP
1905

Box 8: 96
Incorporation Correspondence
1899-1903

Box 8: 97
Increase of Capital Stock
1922

Box 8: 98
Insurance
1899

Box 8: 99
International Paper Co.
1898

Box 8: 100
Issuance of Securities
1899

Box 8: 101
Linden Dandy rolls
1951-1952

Box 9: 102
McCorkindale Co.
1930-1952

Box 9: 103
Mortgage
1899-1936

Box 9: 104-107
Mortgage Bonds
1899

Box 9: 108
Parson's Paper Co.
1851-1929

Box 9: 109
Plan of Capital Rearrangement
1903

Box 9: 110
Plan of Capital Reduction
1904

Box 9: 111
Plan of Reorganization
1936

Box 9: 112
Real Estate-Divisions
1859-1953

Box 9: 113-117
Real Estate-Divisions
1859-1953

Box 10: 118-121
Receivership Indenture
1927

Box 10: 122
Reorganization Agreement
1927

Box 10: 123
Reorganization Report
1934

Box 10: 124
Salaried Employees
1913

Box 10: 125
Sales of Machinery
1950-1951

Box 10: 126
Supplemented Mortgage
1930

Box 10: 127
Trial Balance
1911-1915

Box 10: 128-129
Trust Indenture
1927

Box 10: 130
Voting Trust Agreement
1927

Box 10: 131
Series 3. Labor
1936-1960

Arrangement:

Chronologically arranged.

Master Labor Files
1937-1939

Box 11: 132-139
Master Labor Files
1939-1941

Box 12: 140-146
Master Labor Files
1942-1944

Box 13: 147-152
Master Labor Files
1945-1948

Box 14: 153-159
Master Labor Files
1949-1954

Box 15: 160-167
Master Labor Files
1955-1960

Box 16: 168-171
CIO Petition
1941

Box 17: 172
CIO Raid
1951

Box 17: 173
Conditions of Work
1920-1921

Box 17: 174
Grievances
1939-1940

Box 17: 175-76
Labor Laws
1939-1946

Box 17: 177
Labor Relations Group formation
1939

Box 17: 178
Overtime
1948-1958

Box 17: 179
State Minimum Wage Law
1939-1948

Box 17: 180
Wage and Hour Investigation
1944-1945

Box 18: 181
Wage and Hour Law, Exemptions
1945-1956

Box 18: 182
Wage and Hour Legislation
1938-1953

Box 18: 183-89
Agreements
1938-1956

Box 19: 190-200
Agreements
1957-1963

Box 20: 201-205
Agreements Analysis
1940-1942

Box 20: 206-207
Series 4. Publications and Photographs
1919-1938

Eagle A. Outing
1919-1920

Box 21: 208
Eagle A. Unity
1918-1921

Box 21: 209-210
Holyoke Postage Stamp
1938

Box 21: 211
How Paper is Made
1935

Box 21: 212
Paper Facts
n.d.

Box 21: 213
Paper Mill Locations in Mass.
1938

Box 21: 214
Parson's Mercantile Record
n.d.

Box 21: 215
Progressive Papers
1911

Box 21: 216
Sales Catalogs
1919

Box 21: 217
Trade Customs
1928

Box 21: 218
Union Watermarked Papers
n.d.

Box 21: 219
Photos
n.d.

Box 21: 220
Administrative information
Provenance

Acquired from Bill Casamo, 1985.

Processing Information

Processed by Ken Fones-Wolf, 1986.

Acknowledgments

Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Copyright and Use (More informationConnect to publication information)

Cite as: American Writing Paper Company Records (MS 62). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Search terms
Subjects
  • Collective bargaining--Paper industry--Massachusetts --Holyoke--History--Sources.
  • Holyoke (Mass.)--Economic conditions--19th century--Sources.
  • Holyoke (Mass.)--Economic conditions--20th century--Sources.
  • Labor unions--Massachusetts--Holyoke--Records and correspondence.
  • Paper industry workers--Labor unions--History--Sources.
  • Paper industry workers--Massachusetts--Holyoke--History--Sources.
  • Paper industry--Massachusetts--Holyoke--History--Sources.
  • Strikes and lockouts--Paper industry--Massachusetts --Holyoke--History--Sources.
Names
  • American Writing Paper Company--History--Sources.
Genre terms
  • Blueprints.
  • Photographs.