An artist, teacher, and breeder of English cocker spaniels, Louise Shattuck (1919-2005) was a third generation Spiritualist from Lake Pleasant, Massachusetts. After graduating from the Massachusetts College of Art in 1941, Shattuck built a career as an animal artist, producing an array of popular figurines, pastels, paintings, and cartoons, and specializing in renderings of dogs. Outside her artwork, Shattuck became a noted dog breeder as the proprietor of Carry-On Kennel, and the author of four books.
The bulk of the Shattuck Papers pertains to Louise Shattuck's personal and professional life. Her work as a teacher, writer, artist, and dog breeder are established through correspondence, publications, newspaper clippings, and personal diaries kept from 1998 through 2005. This collection also contains numerous photographs and realia which document the history of Lake Pleasant as a Spiritualist center.
The collection is open for research.
Background on Louise F. Shattuck
In her long life, Louise Shattuck wore many hats -- artist, teacher, dog-breeder, writer, and Spiritualist -- but to her, she only wore one: that of an art-making, skill-teaching, dog-breeding, writing, and spirit-talking resident of Lake Pleasant, Mass. Somehow, Shattuck managed the difficult feat of knitting these disparate strands into a single, seamless life, her professional and personal interests weaving together in a uniquely creative way.
Geographically, intellectually, and spiritually, the center of Shattuck's life was the village of Lake Pleasant, Mass. One of five villages in the town of Montague, Lake Pleasant was established in 1870 when George Potter, a real estate agent from neighboring Greenfield, sensed a business opportunity. Acquiring the land around the southern tip of the lake, Potter set up picnic tables and invited local residents to use the area as a park. It was an instant success, so much so Potter rapidly decided to cash out, selling the property to the Boston and Maine Railroad Company in 1872 so that it could be expanded into a regional destination for summer tourism. Taking advantage of the scenic lake front and deep woods, the Railroad erected a railroad stop, a pavilion and bandstand, hotel, and other amenities. Waging an aggressive marketing campaign, they lured dozens, and eventually thousands of tourists per year. From the outset, some of these visitors came in groups: Odd Fellows, Freemasons, Congregationalists, Unitarians, and Spiritualists among them.
It was Spiritualists, more than any other group, who exerted the greatest influence on the development of Lake Pleasant, and particularly those associated with the New England Spiritualist Camp-meeting Association (NESCA). Formed in 1874 and incorporated in 1879, NESCA was part of the first wave of truly successful regional- and national-level Spiritualist organizations, built upon the evangelical model of holding seasonal (and later permanent) camp meetings. From the beginning, NESCA found a home in Lake Pleasant, paralleling other Spiritualist groups that attached themselves to camps in Etna, Maine, Lilydale, N.Y., Chesterfield, Ind., and Cassadaga, Fla. Spiritualism soon transformed the look and feel of the community in the pine woods. "There never was a summer night when one did not have a choice of attending any number of [Spiritualist] 'circles'," Shattuck wrote in Yankee Magazine in 1968 (p.141). In 1913, a number of Lake Pleasant Spiritualists affiliated with NESCA split with their peers over some philosophical differences (reincarnation among them) to form the National Spiritual Alliance (TNSA). For over sixty years, the village hosted two Spiritualist temples, one for each faction.
When Louise was born on December 24, 1919, the only child of a railway electrician Frank Shattuck and his wife Sarah (Bickford), Lake Pleasant was in its heyday. Like their adopted village, the Shattucks were committed Spiritualists: Louise's maternal grandmother, Anna (Dyer) Bickford, was one of the early mediums at the resort, and Sarah Shattuck (also called Sara or Sadie) followed suit, delivering spirit messages and inspiration from spirit sources up until the time of Louise's birth. Louise inherited mediumistic tendencies from her women forebears, and although she never acted as a professional medium, throughout her life she engaged in automatic writing and in use of the planchette and Ouija board to contact spirit beings.
In the years following the First World War, Lake Pleasant experienced a slow decline, driven in part by the decrease of summering as a middle class activity and of Spiritualism as a religion. Although the rise of the automobile and decay of the American rail system hurt many summer resorts, Lake Pleasant was hit particularly hard after access to the lake was curtailed, then shut off, when its waters became a reservoir for the town of Montague. The Shattucks, however, remained loyal. Although Louise was born and raised in Medford, Mass., she and her family continued to summer in the cottage that Frank had built barely twenty yards from the TNSA temple, and following Frank's death in 1948, Sarah became a full time resident.
Louise emulated her mother in more than just mediumistic talent: the two shared a passion for animals, particularly dogs, for art and teaching. By her senior year at Medford High School, was already set on her future life course, entering Massachusetts College of Art (class of 1941) intent on making a career in the graphic arts. Although she taught art off and on for many years, beginning with a stint teaching ceramics at Garland Junior College in Boston (later absorbed into Simmons College), she began as early as 1943 to produce ceramic, clay, and bronze figurines for commercial distribution. Striking her first contracts with the Boston firm Contemporary Arts, and taking her grandmother's maiden name (Ann Dyer) as a pseudonym, she began to distribute work through Hudson Pewter, Lance Corporation, and the American Pewter Company.
Thematically and stylistically, Louise's early work was quite diverse, ranging from a figurine of a ballet dancer to a small sculpture of an Arab rider on horseback (one of her favorite pieces) that was sculpted under the influence of a spirit named Charles Memling. By the mid-1940s, however, her work acquired a real focus when she settled into a niche as an animal artist, dogs being her distinct favorite subject. An early member of the Society of Animal Arts), she also did a great deal of graphic work for magazines, particularly those associated with dog breeding, producing pen and ink drawings and cartoons, as well as pastels and paintings, both for private commission and retail distribution. Her love of dogs extended well beyond her artwork, and dogs assumed a greater prominence in her life as she grew older. As proprietor of Carry On Kennels, she became well known as a breeder of English Cocker Spaniels and stalwart in the English Cocker Spaniel Club of America.
Louise also became an author. In addition to two humorous works on her experiences with dogs, From Riches to Bitches (1979) and In Stitches Over Bitches (1983), Louise wrote and illustrated a children's book, The Donkey and the Tree (1999). Her last book, co-written with her friend David James, was "portrait of the body, mind, and soul" of her beloved Lake Pleasant, Spirit and Spa (2003).
Never married, Louise joined her mother in Lake Pleasant in 1967 as Sarah's health began to fail. Louise remained active as a sculptor and illustrator well into her 80s, remaining in her family cottage until her death in October 2005.
The Shattuck Papers offer a window onto the eclectic life of artist, dog breeder, and Spiritualist Louise Shattuck and onto the equally eclectic Spiritualist community of Lake Pleasant, Mass. Organized into five series, the collection documents Louise's life from her childhood until her death, with an emphasis upon her connections to her community. Her diverse interests interweave throughout the collection, appearing in correspondence and writings, newspaper clippings and photographs, and in her voluminous diaries, kept sporadically between 1928 and the mid-1970s and regularly from then until 2005.
Of particular note in the collection are a small, but rich assortment of materials relating to Spiritualism. Among the photographs, pamphlets, and realia are items reflecting both Louise's Spiritualist practices and her interest in the history of Spiritualism and the Lake Pleasant community. A Lake Pleasant photograph album, along with a few publications and objects provide sketchy, but intriguing documentation of the Independent Order of Scalpers, a fraternal club in the village, but the collection also includes extensive samples of Louise's automatic writing, transcripts of Ouija board sessions, and four excellent examples of spirit slates with chalk inscriptions, dating from the time of Louise's grandmother (ca.1900-1910). Also included in a small assortment of Spiritualist pamphlets published by the Star Publishing Co. of Springfield, Mass., is H. A. Budington's History of the New England Campmeeting Association at Lake Pleasant.
Shattuck's private and professional lives were intricately interwoven, and as such, the contents of this series pertain both to Louise's personal affairs and business ventures. With a few exceptions, the correspondence dates from Louise's childhood in the 1920s forward, with somewhat uneven survival through the years. Among the relatively few letters of Sarah Shattuck are some fascinating glimpses into her mediumistic activities, including a "Translation of a Persian message to the world given through the mediumship of Sara Bickford" (undated), written on the letterhead of the Spiritualist historian of Lake Pleasant, H.A. Budington, and a letter from John E. Coover of Stanford University (1915) discussing his views of automatic writing.
Series 1 also includes a large number of pen sketches and cartoons, largely depicting dogs, and numerous contracts for figurines Shattuck created for Contemporary Arts (mostly under the pseudonym Anna Dyer), the American Pewter Company, Hudson Pewter, and the Lance Corporation. Together, these provide a sense of the range of Shattuck's commercial work and how her interests evolved through the course of her career. Other miscellaneous items include newspaper clippings and a variety of legal documents, including birth certificates for Louise and other members of her family.
Shattuck kept a diary regularly from 1928 to 2005. At the end of almost each day, she wrote at least one full page discussing the day's work and events, often commenting that she was not getting enough done, and occasionally referring to money issues or personal conflicts. Two diaries in the series (1916, 1952)belonged to Louise's mother, Sarah Bickford Shattuck.
While not born in Lake Pleasant, Louise was in a sense born to Lake Pleasant. From her mother and mother's mother, she inherited mediumistic abilities. Series 3 contains abundant evidence of Louise's efforts at spirit communication, including extensive sheafs of automatic writing, spirit writing, and transcripts of Ouija board sessions, along with a small number of relatively scarce Spiritualist pamphlets published by the Star Publishing Company of Springfield, Mass. While Lake Pleasant postcards have been included in this series, photographs and other audio/visual materials pertaining to Lake Pleasant and Spiritualism are to be found in Series 4: Audio/Visual.
This series contains primarily photographs, dating from the late 1800s to 2005. Several photograph albums are dedicated to documenting Louise's English cocker spaniels as they progressed in their training, while others pertain primarily to recording her artwork, especially sculpture. Of note are a number of photographs of Louise herself, from when she was less than a year old to very near the end of her life. Also included are slides and negatives as well as CD-ROM slide shows and a single video cassette. All audio or visual materials relating to Spiritualism and Lake Pleasant are to be found in this series.
Among the realia in the Shattuck Papers are several examples of Shattuck's artwork, most notably her statue of an Arab rider on horseback, created under the influence of the spirit, Charles Memling. Also included are Spiritualist artifacts such as a feathered headdress (from Lake Pleasant's Independent Order of Scalpers), a set of divining rods, and a Ouija board, and less directly three unidentified locks of human hair, and Shattuck's cremated remains, housed in a sealed vessel in the shape of a dog's head. Finally, the series includes a framed self-portrait by Sarah Bickford Shattuck, ca.1920?, dressed in a white gown worn during a Spiritualist play.
Re-creation of the 1849 illustrated edition.
Letters between Charles Bickford and Sarah Bickford Shattuck and Louise Shattuck.
Letters between Louise Shattuck and Frank R. Shattuck.
Between Louise Shattuck and Sarah Bickford Shattuck.
Reply to a personal ad placed by Louise Shattuck.
Not by Louise Shattuck.
Not by Louise Shattuck.
Not by Louise Shattuck.
Possibly Sarah Bickford Shattuck.
Possibly Shattuck, Louise or Shattuck, Sarah Bickford.
The slates include messages from Dr. Joseph H. Beals (a dentist from Greenfield and founder and past-President of the New England Spiritualist Camp-meeting Association) and other spirits addressed to Mrs. [Ann Dyer] Bickford.
Acquired from David James in 2006.
Processed by Alex Lent, 2008.
Several books were separated from the Shattuck Papers and added to the Rare Books collection.
See also the Aurin F. Hill Papers (MS 579), President of the National Spiritual Alliance and sometime resident of Lake Pleasant.
Cite as: Louise Shattuck Papers (MS 563). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.