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Abstract

Born into a Jewish family in the town of Buzau, Romania, the endocrinologist and psychopathologist Ionel Florian Rapaport entered the University of Paris in 1937 to study under the eminent psychologists Maxime Laignel-Lavastine and Charles Blondel. Surviving the war by posing as a Christian, he completed a dissertation on ritual castration, Les Faits de castration rituelle, essai sur les formes pathologiques de la conscience collective (1945), which was published three years later as Introduction a? la psychopathologie collective : la secte mystique des Skoptzy. In 1953, Rapaport emigrated to the United States and joined the faculty at the Psychiatric Institute of the University of Wisconsin, where he became noted for research into the social aspects of mental disorders and juvenile delinquency. It was there in 1956, that he discovered a statistical correlation between the incidence of Down Syndrome and exposure to fluorides, a study that became widely cited by opponents of fluoridation of the water supply and widely criticized by proponents. Rapaport died of cancer in 1972.

The Rapaport Papers contain a large quantity of raw data, research notes and correspondence relating to over two decades of research into mental disorders, centered largely upon his study of the link between Down Syndrome and fluoridation. Due to the sensitivities of some material in the collection, researchers must agree not to reveal the names of any patients before gaining access.

Access

The collection is open for research.

Language:

English
Ionel Florian Rapaport Papers, 1856-1876
7 boxes (10.5 linear ft.)
Call no.: MS 622 bd

Background on Ionel Florian Rapaport

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Contents of Collection

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Inventory of Collection
Series 1: Correspondence

Correspondence

Box 1: 4
Correspondence

Box 2: 6
Correspondence
1954

Box 2: 7
Correspondence
1955

Box 2: 30
Correspondence
1956

Box 1: 14
Correspondence
1957

Box 2: 56
Correspondence
1958

Box 2: 57
Correspondence

Box 2: 61
Correspondence

Box 7: 3
Correspondence (loose)

Box 7: 2
Correspondence (misc.)

Box 2: 2
Correspondence and notes

Box 5: 9
Correspondence folder, Hospital data (?)

Box 5: 20
Correspondence loose miscellaneous

Box 1: 2
Correspondence on fluoride

Box 3: 37
Correspondence, loose

Box 1: 27
Correspondence, personal

Box 3: 18
Correspondence: loose reports, manuscripts and correspondence

Box 1: 5
Correspondence with states

Box 2: 45
Dental

Box 6: 26
Eliot, Thomas D.

Box 2: 50
Fromm, Erich

Box 2: 24
HEW

Box 6: 25
Illinois

Box 5: 8
Jackson, J. K.

Box 2: 23
Jaco, E. Gartly, Texas

Box 1: 21
Kersting, David W.

Box 4: 3
King, Stanley

Box 2: 18
Lochem, Yngvar

Box 2: 25
National Institute of Health

Box 3: 23
National Institute of Health, notes and correspondence

Box 5: 7
Osborn, Leslie A.
1958-1959

Box 5: 44
Osborn, Leslie O.

Box 2: 9
Prokasy, William F.

Box 2: 11
Socialist Republic of Romania Embassy

Box 5: 11
Wyckoff

Box 2: 47
Series 2: Research

Alcohol addiction

Box 4: 1
Alcoholism

Box 6: 15
Birth certificates

Box 7: 5
Birth Certificates (i.e., handwritten notes)

Box 7: 13
Cataract Research Project Questionnaire

Box 6: 1
Cataracts

Box 4: 9
Cataracts

Box 2: 1
Cataracts

Box 5: 42
Cataracts, A to M, questionnaires

Box 6: 3
Cataracts, N to Z, questionnaires

Box 6: 5
Cattell, Simon: patient data, lists

Box 3: 7
Cerebral palsy

Box 2: 48
Cities with fluoridation (notes)

Box 2: 49
Climatology

Box 3: 25
Computations
1957 Jan. 1

Box 5: 25
Correspondence on Mongolism, not fluoride related

Box 1: 20
Data (misc.)

Box 6: 30
Death assigned to premature birth

Box 5: 38
Department of Public Welfare, Springfield, Ill., data on fluoride and Down's syndrome

Box 5: 5
Dermatology, handwritten notes

Box 6: 13
Downs syndrome data: Indiana

Box 3: 28
Downs syndrome data: Alabama

Box 5: 27
Downs syndrome data: Arizona

Box 5: 33
Downs syndrome data: Canada

Box 3: 29
Downs syndrome data: Colorado

Box 5: 45
Downs syndrome data: Florida

Box 3: 30
Downs syndrome data: Georgia

Box 5: 32
Downs syndrome data: Idaho

Box 3: 31
Downs syndrome data: Illinois

Box 3: 20
Downs syndrome data: Iowa

Box 5: 30
Downs syndrome data: Kansas

Box 3: 16
Downs syndrome data: Louisiana (no list of patients)

Box 3: 33
Downs syndrome data: Michigan

Box 3: 24
Downs syndrome data: Minnesota

Box 3: 34
Downs syndrome data: Mississippi

Box 3: 15
Downs syndrome data: Missouri

Box 3: 14
Downs syndrome data: Montana

Box 3: 13
Downs syndrome data: Nebraska

Box 3: 26
Downs syndrome data: New Jersey

Box 5: 29
Downs syndrome data: New Mexico

Box 5: 48
Downs syndrome data: North Dakota

Box 5: 43
Downs syndrome data: Ohio

Box 5: 26
Downs syndrome data: Oklahoma

Box 3: 35
Downs syndrome data: South Carolina

Box 5: 34
Downs syndrome data: South Dakota

Box 3: 32
Downs syndrome data: Texas

Box 5: 46
Downs syndrome data: Utah

Box 3: 27
Downs syndrome data: Virginia

Box 5: 47
Downs syndrome data: Washington

Box 5: 28
Downs syndrome data: Wisconsin

Box 5: 16
Downs syndrome data: Wyoming

Box 5: 31
Downs syndrome notes

Box 5: 40
Downs Syndrome work spread sheet

Box 1: 1
Downs syndrome: notes

Box 3: 39
Downs syndrome: notes and calculations

Box 3: 38
Down's Syndrome Social parents attitude

Box 2: 32
Down's Syndrome <20, questionnaires

Box 4: 16
Down's Syndrome >40 A to L, questionnaires

Box 4: 17
Down's Syndrome >40 M to Z, questionnaires

Box 4: 15
Down's Syndrome at home, < 39, questionnaires

Box 6: 9
Down's Syndrome at home: parent questionnaires

Box 2: 65
Down's Syndrome correspondence
1954

Box 2: 12
Down's Syndrome correspondence
1956

Box 2: 10
Down's Syndrome nutrition, handwritten notes

Box 6: 14
Down's Syndrome Research Project

Box 4: 14
Down's Syndrome, 20 to 30 M to Z, questionnaires

Box 6: 24
Down's Syndrome, 20 to 30, A-L, questionnaires

Box 6: 6
Down's Syndrome, 30 to 40, R to Z, questionnaires

Box 6: 8
Down's Syndrome, handwritten notes

Box 5: 39
Down's Syndrome, Illinois M.A. <40, questionnaires

Box 7: 11
Down's Syndrome, Illinois M.A. >40, questionnaires

Box 7: 12
Down's Syndrome, misc. notes

Box 6: 19
Down's Syndrome: bone growth grant proposal

Box 3: 1
Down's Syndrome: Geographical distribution

Box 5: 14
Emotional factors, handwritten notes

Box 6: 12
Epileptics, mothers age < 30 No. 1, questionnaires

Box 7: 8
Epileptics, mothers age > 30 No. 2, questionnaires

Box 7: 9
Epileptics, mothers age more than 30, questionnaires

Box 7: 10
Fluoride experiments

Box 5: 41
Fluoride Mongolism notes

Box 5: 35
Fluoride papers

Box 5: 36
Fort Wayne State School

Box 2: 14
Graphics

Box 5: 24
Hair pigment, handwritten notes

Box 6: 10
Illinois public health statistics

Box 2: 58
Illinois state schools

Box 1: 13
Infant Intelligence Scale patient records

Box 3: 3
Janesville WSVHD patient list

Box 4: 4
Manuscript on Mongolism

Box 1: 26
Mental Institutions of Wisconsin

Box 6: 29
Midwest request for data from state schools

Box 1: 12
Milwaukee Jewish Vocational Service

Box 2: 27
Milwaukee Museum

Box 2: 29
Milwaukee Public Schools

Box 2: 28
Motor Development

Box 6: 31
Normal Brothers and Sisters, A-K, questionnaires

Box 6: 2
Normal Brothers and Sisters, L-Z, questionnaires

Box 7: 14
Northern Colony Training School: lists of patient data

Box 3: 2
Northern Wisconsin Colony
1958-1959

Box 6: 28
Northern Wisconsin Colony Heidemann, anthropometric data

Box 6: 11
Northern Wisconsin Colony dermatology

Box 6: 16
Northern Wisconsin Colony: cover letters and patients' names

Box 1: 10
Northern Wisconsin Colony: Down's Syndrome list with ~ 50 lists of names from

Box 1: 11
Northern Wisconsin Training Colony correspondence

Box 2: 66
Notes

Box 3: 5
Notes

Box 3: 10
Notes

Box 4: 24
Notes

Box 5: 21
Notes (loose)

Box 3: 21
Notes (loose)

Box 4: 18
Notes (loose)

Box 5: 4
Notes (misc.)

Box 5: 6
Notes (misc.)

Box 7: 7
Notes and tables (unlabeled folder)

Box 2: 34
Notes and tables on fluoride and Downs syndrome

Box 5: 1
Notes on differences

Box 6: 22
Notes, correspondence

Box 5: 17
Notes, diagrams

Box 1: 30
NWC, SWC list of patients

Box 3: 19
Operation 1 handwritten notes and tables

Box 4: 25
Operation 2 handwritten notes and tables

Box 4: 26
Patient data (index cards)

Box 5: 49
Patient data (index cards)

Box 7: 4
Patient data and spreadsheets

Box 3: 4
Patient data cards (4x6")

Box 2: 5
Patient lists

Box 3: 22
Patient lists (loose)

Box 6: 17
Placenta studies

Box 5: 37
Psychiatric activities

Box 5: 10
Psychological Testing materials

Box 4: 21
Questionnaire, correspondence with parents

Box 1: 16
Questionnaires: list of patient who have not returned questionnaires

Box 6: 4
Questionnaires: loose set of ~ 50 parent questionnaires

Box 2: 64
Seasonal and annual variation

Box 5: 15
Service for the Blind

Box 2: 26
Simon-Baruk Test

Box 2: 59
Simons Test,notes

Box 6: 20
Social Aspects of Mental Disorders

Box 3: 9
Social Psychiatry

Box 2: 55
Southern Colony girls data

Box 2: 17
Southern Wisconsin Colony
1954-1955

Box 4: 10
Southern Wisconsin Colony
1956-1957

Box 4: 11
Southern Wisconsin Colony
1958-1959

Box 6: 27
Spread sheets

Box 3: 8
Vocational Rehabilitation

Box 2: 8
Willowbrook State School, The Simon Questionnaires

Box 3: 11
Wisconsin Center

Box 2: 68
Wisconsin Easter Seal Society

Box 1: 7
X-rays

Box 4: 20
Series 3: Art

Art

Box 2: 13
Art correspondence

Box 2: 63
Art Exhibition: Austria

Box 4: 12
Art Exhibition: California

Box 2: 16
Art Exhibition: Canada

Box 2: 3
Art Exhibition: Connecticut

Box 2: 20
Art Exhibition: Denmark

Box 1: 9
Art exhibition: Finland

Box 4: 5
Art exhibition: Florida

Box 4: 13
Art Exhibition: Holland

Box 1: 18
Art Exhibition: India

Box 2: 15
Art Exhibition: Italy

Box 1: 19
Art Exhibition: Japan

Box 4: 6
Art Exhibition: New Jersey

Box 2: 22
Art Exhibition: New York

Box 2: 19
Art Exhibition: New York, Paris

Box 4: 8
Art Exhibition: New Zealand

Box 1: 17
Art Exhibition: Pakistan

Box 2: 21
Art Exhibition: Paris, France

Box 4: 7
Art Exhibition at different locations

Box 2: 35-44
Morris, Desmond, The Biology of Art, clippings

Box 5: 12
Series 4: Grants

Grants

Box 1: 15
Grants (HEW)

Box 6: 23
Grants: Milwaukee

Box 6: 21
Ranick, Dr.: travel and grant documents

Box 1: 8
Series 5: University of Wisconsin

Psychiatric Institute History

Box 2: 51
References

Box 2: 53
Teaching Program

Box 2: 52
Teaching Program
1959

Box 3: 17
Teaching Program Lectures

Box 2: 54
University of Wisconsin

Box 2: 31
University of Wisconsin

Box 2: 33
University of Wisconsin Milwaukee

Box 2: 62
University of Wisconsin Course syllabus

Box 4: 19
University of Wisconsin Extension Service

Box 4: 2
University of Wisconsin folder with notes on literature

Box 5: 22
University of Wisconsin folder with notes on literature and typed ms.

Box 5: 23
University of Wisconsin questionnaire

Box 6: 18
University of Wisconsin seminar flyers

Box 2: 4
Series 6: Publications

CIDEP Bibliotheque, Liste Des Acquisitions

Box 7: 1
Excerpta Medica

Box 2: 60
Fluoride, miscellaneous reprints, etc.

Box 1: 25
Guides to Using Progressive Matrices
1938

Box 4: 22
Manuscript

Box 3: 40
Manuscript pages

Box 5: 19
Manuscript: draft manuscript

Box 1: 6
Notes and typed ms.

Box 5: 2
Opler et al.

Box 2: 67
Position Actuelle de Nos Connaissance sur les Hormones Hypophysaires

Box 5: 18
Rapaport bibliography

Box 3: 12
Rapaport, Le Secte Mystique des Skoptzy

Box 7: 6
Rapaport, et al. 1961. Pubertal Growth of Bone and Soft Tissue in Mongolism, NIH report

Box 5: 13
Rapaports reprints

Box 3: 42
Rapoport, Mongolisme: Une nouvelle hypothese (notes)

Box 4: 23
Religion: Ionels writings on religion

Box 1: 3
Reprints and manuscripts

Box 1: 24
Reprints and notes from Paris

Box 3: 36
Reprints on art, fluoride

Box 3: 6
Reprints on fluoride

Box 3: 41
Reprints, correspondence

Box 1: 29
Reprints, CV

Box 1: 22
Role Biologique de Fluor, typed ms.

Box 5: 3
Social Aspects of Mental Disorders

Box 2: 46
Twins (manuscript)

Box 1: 28
Genetic Counseling, notes

Box 1: 23
Graph paper, actually more questionnaires

Box 6: 7
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Provenance

Acquired from Dan Casavant, 1999.

Processing Information

Processed by Michael Dolan and Dex Haven, August 2010.

Copyright and Use (More informationConnect to publication information)

Cite as: Ionel Florian Rapaport Papers (MS 642). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

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Names and Subject Terms
Subjects
  • Down Syndrome.
  • Fluorides--Physiological effect.
Names
  • Rapaport, Ionel Florian.
  • University of Wisconsin--Faculty.
Genre terms
  • Daybooks.