Special Collections & University Archives University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries

Results for: “International Brotherhood of Paper Makers” (267 collections)
SCUA

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Brinley Family

Brinley Family Papers, 1643-1950.
(4.75 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 161

A prosperous family of merchants and landowners, the Brinleys were well ensconced among the social and political elite of colonial New England. Connected by marriage to other elite families in Rhode Island and Massachusetts — the Auchmutys, Craddocks, and Tyngs among them — the Brinleys were refined, highly educated, public spirited, and most often business-minded. Although many members of the family remained loyal to the British cause during the Revolution, the family retained their high social standing in the years following.

The Brinley collection includes business letters, legal and business records, wills, a fragment of a diary, documents relating to slaves, newspaper clippings, and a small number of paintings and artifacts. A descendent, Nancy Brinley, contributed a quantity of genealogical research notes and photocopies of Brinley family documents from other repositories. Of particular note in the collection is a fine nineteenth century copy of a John Smibert portrait of Deborah Brinley (1719), an elegant silver tray passed through the generations, and is a 1713 list of the library of Francis Brinley, which offers a foreshadowing of the remarkable book collection put together in the later nineteenth century by his descendant George Brinley.

Subjects
  • American loyalists--Massachusetts
  • Book collectors--United States--History--19th century
  • Brinley family
  • Brinley, George, 1817-1875--Library
  • Businessmen--Massachusetts--History
  • Businessmen--Rhode Island--History
  • Craddock family
  • Landowners--Massachusetts--History
  • Landowners--Rhode Island--History
  • Libraries--Rhode Island--18th century
  • Massachusetts--Economic conditions--18th century
  • Massachusetts--Politics and government--19th century
  • Rhode Island--Economic conditions--18th century
  • Rhode Island--Genealogy
  • Rhode Island--Politics and government--19th century
  • Slavery--United States--History
  • Tyng family
  • United Empire Loyalists
Types of material
  • Deeds
  • Realia

Hapgood, Beth

Beth Hapgood Papers, 1789-2005.
67 boxes (35 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 434

Beth Hapgood and members of the Brotherhood, ca.1969
Beth Hapgood and members of the Brotherhood, ca.1969

Daughter of a writer and diplomat, and graduate of Wellesley College, Beth Hapgood has been a spiritual seeker for much of her life. Her interests have led her to become an expert in graphology, a student in the Arcane School, an instructor at Greenfield Community College, and a lecturer on a variety of topics in spiritual growth. Beginning in the mid-1960s, Hapgood befriended Michael Metelica, the central figure in the Brotherhood of the Spirit (the largest commune in the eastern states during the early 1970s) as well as Elwood Babbitt, a trance medium, and remained close to both until their deaths.

The Hapgood Papers contain a wealth of material relating to the Brotherhood of the Spirit and the Renaissance Community, Metelica, Babbitt, and other of Hapgood’s varied interests, as well as 4.25 linear feet of material relating to the Hapgood family.

Subjects
  • Brotherhood of the Spirit
  • Channeling (Spiritualism)
  • Communal living--Massachusetts
  • Graphology
  • Hapgood family--Correspondence
  • Massachusetts--Social life and customs--20th century
  • Mediums--Massachusetts
  • Nineteen sixties--Social aspects
  • Occultism--Social aspects
  • Popular culture--History--20th century
  • Renaissance Community
  • Rock music--1971-1980
  • Warwick (Mass.)--History
Contributors
  • Babbitt, Elwood, 1922-
  • Boyce, Neith, 1872-1951
  • Hapgood, Beth--Correspondence
  • Hapgood, Charles H
  • Hapgood, Elizabeth Reynolds
  • Hapgood, Hutchins, 1869-1944
  • Hapgood, Norman, 1868-1937
  • Metelica, Michael

Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia Collection, 1925-1986.
Call no.: MS 407

The Southeast Asia Collection highlights the regional wars from the 1970s to the 1980s, including a series on Southeast Asian refugees in America, along with materials on regional economic development, especially in the Mekong River Basin. The collection contains hundreds of reports on agricultural and industrial projects in the region, examining everything from the impact of electrification on village life in Thailand to a description of a Soviet-built hospital in Cambodia in 1961, to an assessment of herbicide in Vietnam in 1971.

Collected primarily by Joel Halpern and James Hafner, the collection includes background, field, and situation reports by U.S. Operations Missions and U.S. Agency for International Development; reports, publications, statistics, and background information from other U.S. government agencies, governments of Laos and Thailand, and the United Nations; correspondence, reports, and reference materials of nongovernmental organizations; reports and essays by individuals about Southeast Asia; news releases and newspapers; published and unpublished bibliographies; and interviews with U.S. military personnel. Most material comes from governmental and organizational sources, but there are papers by, and debriefs of, numerous individuals.

Subjects
  • Cambodia--History--1953-1975
  • Laos--History
  • Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Contributors
  • Hafner, James
  • Halpern, Joel Martin

International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers. Locals 36, 161, 707, and 710

International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Records, 1929-1985.
11 boxes (5.75 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 107

The records of Northampton Local 36 of the IBEW provide insight into the adjustments of union members to the introduction of new technology, the changing labor environment, and the local debates over the merits of the use of nuclear power in the region. Collection includes by-laws, reports, correspondence, contracts, membership lists, and materials relating to nuclear energy.

Subjects
  • Electricians--Labor unions
  • Labor unions--Massachusetts

Brotherhood of the Spirit

Brotherhood of the Spirit Documentary, ca.1973.
15.24 minutes
Call no.: Video

Beginning in a treehouse in Leyden, Mass., during the summer of 1968, the Brotherhood of the Spirit (later the Renaissance Community) grew to become the largest commune in the eastern United States. Founded by Michael Metelica and six friends, and infused with the spiritual teachings of Elwood Babbitt, the commune relocated several times during its first half decade, setting down at different points in Heath, Charlemont, Warwick, Turners Falls, and Gill, Mass., as well as Guilford, Vt.

Produced at UMass Amherst, this video (digitized from a 16mm motion picture original) provides a largely laudatory glimpse of commune life during the boom years of the Brotherhood of the Spirit, probably around 1973. Sound quality in the video is highly uneven, often poor, particularly in the first two minutes.

Subjects
  • Brotherhood of the Spirit
  • Communal living--Massachusetts
  • Metelica, Michael
Types of material
  • Motion pictures (Visual works)

Brotherhood of the Spirit

Brotherhood of the Spirit, 1968-1973

Michael Metelica at the treehouse: Leyden, Mass., 1968. (Ref. no. car1)
The treehouse: Blueberry Hill, Leyden, 1968. (Ref. no. car2)
The Treehouse Gang, Leyden 1968: (L – R) top: Dale Sluter, Chris Garland, Doug Edson, Jim Kolokowski, Eddie Evans, Brian Smith on shoulders, Jim Sullivan. Bottom: Wayne Duda, Gene Lewis (Cricket), Tom Howes. (Ref. no. car3)
The Founding Mothers, 1969: Micky Shean (?) and baby, Heidi Bushell, Laurel Artus holding Leah Artus, Wendy Crowell. (Ref. no. car4)
Meditation at Beth Hapgood’ s home at 88 Main St, Northfield, Mass. 1969. (Ref. no. car5)
Elwood Babbitt, 1970. (Ref. no. car6)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Heidi Bushell and Michael Metelica reading Lopsang Rampa, early source of spiritual inspiration. Leyden, 1968. (Ref. no. car7)
Winter scene. Chris Garland, Michael Metelica, unidentified, Dale Sluter, Jim Kolokowski. Heath, 1969. (Ref. no. car8)
Maple sugaring, Charlemont, Mass. 1969. Gene (Cricket) Lewis, Eddie, Michael. (Ref. no. car9)
Maple sugaring, Charlemont, 1969. Various visitors and members. (Ref. no. car10)
Heath, Mass. 1969,. Far left, Nate Tilton and Steve Wolfson. Band is early forerunner to in Flesh. (Ref. no. car11)
Warwick, Mass. Summer of 1970, photo from Greenfield Recorder newspaper in foreground is Susan Meyer and Jeff Lister. (Ref. no. car12)
Warwick group shot, summer 1970. Publication unknown. (Ref. no. car13)
“LOOK” magazine photo. Taken July 1970, published December 1970. (Ref. no. car14)
Spiritual Graffiti, Warwick main house, 1970-71. Such spontaneously inspired writingswere common during the Warwick era. (Ref. no. car15)
Concert at St. James Church, Greenfield, Mass. 1970. Robert Hincks and Michael Metelica. This church was one of the few local ones that was welcoming to the Brotherhood and hosted many events and weddings during this period. (Ref. no. car16)
Members listening to Spirit in Flesh rehearse at Warwick Studio. Note looks of ecstasy on individual faces. Top; Vicki Locatelli, unidentified, Steve Abrahamson, John Pollard, unidentified. Middle; Jacquie Metelica, Mark Alvin, Brian McCue. Bottom; Jackie Odess, Annette Laufe. (Ref. no. car17)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Summer invasion of visitors, sometimes several hundred a day. Summer of 1970, Warwick. Garden between house and future Dorm. (Ref. no. car18)
the “PM Tent”. Warwick, summer 1970. This huge plastic tent housed “Prospective Members” who went through a two-week trial period before begin voted on for membership. The PM tent was also notorious for forbidden (and frequent) amorous activity between members and PM’s. (Ref. no. car19)
Temporary Encampment, Guilford, VT. Summer 1970. Overwhelmed by visitors, long-term members set up a temporary retreat in the wilds of Guilford, near the Johnson’s Pasture commune. (Ref. no. car20)
Wedding at Warwick, July 1970, Michael playing guitar with Donna Braden (R). (Ref. no. car21)
“Commune Gothic” Summer 1970. Heidi Bushell and Mike McCarty. (Ref. no. car22)
The Logging Crew, Winter 1970-71. Carol and Eddie Evans, Mitch Sieser, Greg Fitzgerald, Nate Tilton in back. Crew leader, Geoff, “Gurf” Nuckols in front. (Ref. no. car23)
Warwick Kitchen, 1972. Meg, “Nutmeg” Rich stirring dinner, probably brown rice, squash or mashed potatoes. (Ref. no. car24)
Breakfast in Warwick 1971. Mark Alvin (foreground) shares a moment with Rita Raymond. Deborah Starobin looks on. (Ref. no. car25)

Brotherhood of the Spirit (part 2)

Informal get-together, Warwick Meeting Room, 1971. Steven Wilhelm standing. Afan Cresup, Shelly Hight, Sydney Cresup, Alan Harris, Monica Palmes, unidentified. (Ref. no. car26)
Commune Kids, Warwick 1972. (Ref. no. car27)
Northfield House aerial view, 1975. (Ref. no. car28)
Photograph from National Geographic article about Connecticut River Valley, December 1971. Pictured is Shelly Hight holding Viney. Photograph in back is of Shelly’s grandmother(Ref. no. car29)
(NB: Copyright for this photo is held by National Geographic).
On the Rise Bakery crew, Orange, Mass. 1972. Marlene Schneider, Sammy Wolf, Julie Howard, Billy Schlegelmilch, Chi Chi and Nick Carson. (Ref. no. car30)
Garage Crew, Warwick, 1972. Top; Richard “Toby” Keyes (now an ordained Buddhist monk), Steve Abrahamson, and “Pancho”. Bottom; Sarah Thoren, Bernie Thoren, Jim Sullivan. (Ref. no. car31)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Warwick 1971. Vicky Locatelli and Dan Flynn. (Ref. no. car32)
Warwick Dorm, 1972. Jenny Brown and Tom Donovan in the foreground. (Ref. no. car33)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Spirit in Flesh album cover taken at the Warwick Dorm in December 1970. The band is in the foreground with the full Brotherhood membership clustered in the building. (Ref. no. car34)
Spirit in Flesh triptych, Blueberry Hill, Leyden, 1971. Bob Hincks, Michael Metelica, Joe “Pod” Podlesny. (Ref. no. car35)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Spirit in Flesh poster production. The top floor of the Warwick Dorm was the poster studio.1971. (Ref. no. car36)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Spirit in Flesh’s Roll-Royce 1972. Mark Holland and Michael Metelica. (Ref. no. car37)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Spirit in Flesh poster studio printing rare handmade Christmas cards in spelling-optional setting. Warwick 1971. Unidentified, Allan Harris, unidentified, Lynn Smith. (Ref. no. car38)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Spirit in Flesh rally in front of St. James Episcopal Church. Greenfield, 1971. (Ref. no. car39)
Spirit in Flesh poster crew in San Francisco, summer of 1971. Top; Randy Kleinrock, Andy Crystal, Richie Chapman. Bottom, local friend, Gary Hand, John Charmella, local friend, Mitch Sieser, Mike McCarty. (Ref. no. car40)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Spirit in Flesh rally in Greenwich Village, New York City, summer 1971. . (Ref. no. car41)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Free Spirit Press bus. This photograph was used for the cover of the magazine’s third issue. April 1972. (Ref. no. car42)
One of two controversial Spirit in Flesh concerts at Greenfield High School, July 1972. (Ref. no. car43)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Meeting with Michael in Warwick, summer 1972. (Ref. no. car44)
Photo by: Gary Cohen

Brotherhood of the Spirit (part 3)

Michael Metelica’ s treehouse: Blueberry Hill, Leyden, Mass. 1968. (Ref. no. bin1)
Michael Metelica, Leyden, 1968. (Ref. no. bin2)
Early Community members; Phyllis Hamilton, Steve Wolfson, Geoff Nuckols, Christine Edwards, Tom Howes, Carol Evans, Norman Toy. Sue Meyer standing. Heath, Mass. Winter 1969- 1970. (Ref. no. bin3)
/td>
Michael Metelica, Heath, 1969. (Ref. no. bin4)
Early hootenanny; Doug Edson, Chris Garland, Richie Chapman, Eddie Evans. 1969. (Ref. no. bin5)
(Ref. no. bin6)
Michael Metelica, 1969. (Ref. no. bin7)
Michael Metelica in the treehouse. Leyden, 1968. (Ref. no. bin8)
(Ref. no. bin9)
Michael Metelica supposedly manifesting Christ Consciousness. 1970. (Ref. no. bin10)
(Ref. no. bin11)
(Ref. no. bin12)
Michael Metelica standing at the base of the treehouse. Leyden 1968. (Ref. no. bin13)
Early Band. Unidentified, Michael Metelica, Tom Howes. Heath, 1969. (Ref. no. bin14)
Michael Metelica, unidentified, Leyden, 1966. (Ref. no. bin15)
Dale Sluter, Laurel Artus, Wendy and Chris Garland. Heath, 1969. (Ref. no. bin16)
(Ref. no. bin17)
Jason Garland. Heath, 1969. (Ref. no. bin18)
Michael Metelica. Heath, 1969. (Ref. no. bin19)
Dale Sluter and Brian Smith, 1966. (Ref. no. bin20)
Michael Metelica. Heath, 1969. (Ref. no. bin21)
Commune members flanked by Sue Meyer and Tom Howes. Heath, winter 1969-70. (Ref. no. bin22)
(Ref. no. bin23)
(Ref. no. bin24)
Tom Howes playing guitar for visitors. Heath, 1969. The girl in the glasses is Kathy Hamilton.(Ref. no. bin25)

Brotherhood of the Spirit (part 4)

Photo of Michael Metelica taken by the Greenfield Recorder newspaper. Heath, 1969. Ref. no. bin26)
Winter scene with Michael Metelica wearing jacket with cross and inscription, “God’s law not Man’s law”. Charlemont, Mass. 1969. (Ref. no. bin27)
Commune Members with VW. Eddie Evans, unidentified, Doug Edson, Tom Howes, Leah Artus on car, Dale Sluter, unidentified on car, Michael Metelica, Dan Pritchett. Heath, 1969. (Ref. no. bin28)
Spirit in Flesh giving concert to Brotherhood members. Warwick, March 1971. (Ref. no. bin29)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Wedding of Sandra and Tom Howes. Warwick, 1970. (Ref. no. bin30)
(Ref. no. bin31)
Wedding of Chris and Wendy Garland. Heidi Bushell on right. Charlemont, 1969. (Ref. no. bin32)
“Core Group” Top; Randy Kleinrock, Robin Kleinrock, Annie Messman, Dale Sluter, Jim Baker, Alan Harris, Richard Keyes, May Ristich, Irene White. Middle; Ronnie Tropper, Chris Garland, Hugh Fitzpatrick, Steve Heimoff (above), Steve Barry, John Haber, Laurel Sluter, John Pollard. Bottom, Lois Sellers, Mike McCarty, Doug Edson, Dan Flynn, Melvin Weiner. Northfield, Mass. 1972. (Ref. no. bin33)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Treehouse. Leyden, 1968. (Ref. no. bin34)
(Ref. no. bin35)
McCue II, pool hall and hangout. First public Brotherhood business. Ellen Schall, Brian McCue. Bruce Geisler and Maynard (?). Greenfield, Mass. 1970-71. (Ref. no. bin36)
Michael on the treehouse. Leyden, 1968. (Ref. no. bin37)
Michael Metelica. Leyden, 1965. (Ref. no. bin38)
Michael Metelica and Eva Hapgood. Leyden, 1965. (Ref. no. bin39)
Chris Garland, Michael Metelica, Doug Edson with Beth Hapgood. 1969. (Ref. no. bin40)
Ronnie Sellers, Warwick, 1970. (Ref. no. bin41)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Painted design by Donna “Duck” Jagareski in Warwick Healing Room. 1970. (Ref. no. bin42)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Brotherhood members at Greenfield Swimming Pool, 1972. (Ref. no. bin43)
Free Spirit Press bus crew. Unidentified, Donna Oehmig, Charlie Ribokas, Jenny Brown Bill Grabin, unidentified, Mike Scanlon, Jim Baker. Warwick, 1972. (Ref. no. bin44)
Wedding at the Brotherhood with Jim Sullivan in center. Warwick, 1970. (Ref. no. bin45)
Football game with locals at Northfield Elementary School. Marlene Schneider, Afan Cresup, May Ristich, Heidi Bushell, unidentified, Alan Harris, Kathy Weintraub, Ellen Schall. Northfield, 1971. (Ref. no. bin46)
Informal group meeting. Visible to camera; Betty Hottel, Robin Paris, Michael Metelica, Wendy Garland, Old Northfield house, 1971. (Ref. no. bin47)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Wedding of Sandra and Tom Howes. Warwick, 1970. (Ref. no. bin48)
John Charmella and Donna Braden. Warwick, summer 1970. (Ref. no. bin49)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Dale Sluter, 1972. (Ref. no. bin50)
Photo by: Gary Cohen

Brotherhood of the Spirit (part 5)

Warwick group shot, 1972. (Ref. no. bin51)
Michael Metelica laughing, 1971. This photograph was in the same set as that published in the Greenfield Recorder article where he first announced his past lives as Robert E. Lee and Peter the Apostle. (Ref. no. bin52)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Bob Puckett. Northfield, 1971. (Ref. no. bin53)
Dale Sluter and Carolyn Bailey. Warwick, 1972. (Ref. no. bin54)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Afan Cresup. Northfield, 1972. (Ref. no. bin55)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Sesame…a pig. Warwick, 1970. (Ref. no. bin56)
Meditation on Blueberry Hill. Dan Pritchett, Jackie Odess, Michael Metelica, Ronnie Sellers in back. Leyden, 1971. (Ref. no. bin57)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Spirit in Flesh roadies. Doug Edson, Bob Puckett, Wally Hottel, Steve “Snagglepuss” Gross, Kenny Lennon, Donna Jagareski, Steve Barry. New York City, 1971. (Ref. no. bin58)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Frank “Unicorn” Moore and Debbie Havermael. Warwick, 1972. (Ref. no. bin59)
Warwick group shot, summer 1970. (Ref. no. bin60)
Some of the “High Time Girls” who promoted Spirit in Flesh: Lois Sellers, Betty Hottel, May Ristich, Sylvia Jordan. New Jersey, 1972. (Ref. no. bin61)
Some of the “High Time Girls.” New Jersey, 1972. (Ref. no. bin62)
Michael Metelica in concert, 1971. (Ref. no. bin64)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
“The Cersosimo Boys” — worked at Cersosimo Lumber and Sawmill in Brattleboro, VT. Richie Miller, Mitch Seiser, Scott Mangum, 1972. (Ref. no. bin65)
Spirit in Flesh Diamond Reo transport truck, 1972. (Ref. no. bin66)
Michael Metelica performing with Spirit in Flesh as rare drummer. Greenfield, 1972. (Ref. no. bin67)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Mark Holland performing with Spirit in Flesh, 1972. (Ref. no. bin68)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Phyllis Hamilton had the distinction of being the oldest member of the Brotherhood. At the time, 41 years old seemed ancient. Northfield, 1971. (Ref. no. bin69)
Spirit in Flesh mini-poster, 1972. (Ref. no. bin70)
Spirit in Flesh poster crew. Jimmy Skiathitis, Steve Gross, Bernie Thoren, Jon Haber. New York City, 1971. (Ref. no. bin71)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Spirit in Flesh doing acoustic country-western gig. Bob Hincks, Tom Howes, Michael Metelica, 1972. (Ref. no. bin72)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Michael and assorted women. Top; Nancy Newman, Debbie Stone, Ruth Miller, Doe Higgins. Middle; Carolyn Bailey, Jacquie Metelica, Michael Metelica, Betty Hottel, Kate Whittaker. Bottom; Sue Meyer, Phyllis Hamilton, May Ristich, Donna Jagareski, Laurel Sluter. Northfield, 1971. (Ref. no. bin73)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
Bunny Vaughn, John Pollard, Melvin Weiner, Sue Spica in front of Free Spirit Flesh bus. Warwick, 1972. (Ref. no. bin74)
Spirit in Flesh speaker cabinet painted by Kathy Weintraub, 1972. (Ref. no. bin75)
Photo by: Gary Cohen
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