Special Collections & University Archives University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries

American Morgan Horse Association

American Morgan Horse Association Registry Records, 1911-1981.
119 boxes (150 linear feet).
Call no.: MS 781

Morgan horses at MAC
Morgan horses at MAC

In 1789, Vermont native Justin Morgan acquired a bay colt in Springfield, Mass., that became the progenitor of a distinctly American breed of general purpose horse. Noted for its stamina, strength, disposition, and beauty, the Morgan became widely popular in western Massachusetts and Vermont, eventually spreading nationally and internationally. To support the breed, the Morgan Horse Club (later the American Morgan Horse Association) was founded in 1909 and today maintains the breed registry, publishes The Morgan Horse magazine, and offers a wide range of public information and educational services.

The Registry records of the AMHA are a product of concern during the late 19th century for documenting and preserving the integrity of the Morgan breed and a means for breeders to certify pedigrees for their stock. In 1894, Joseph Battell published the first volume of the Morgan Horse and Register containing nearly 1,000 pages of pedigrees for “any meritorious stallion, mare, or gelding tracing in direct male line to Justin Morgan and having at least 1/64 of his blood,” and although standards have been modified since, the registry remains the primary source for documenting the history of the breed. The records in this collection include approved applications for the AMHA registry, including pedigrees and supporting materials.

Background on American Morgan Horse Association

Popular in all 50 states and more than 30 foreign countries, Morgan horses can be traced back to a single bay colt acquired by Vermont-native Justin Morgan in 1789 in Springfield, Massachusetts. Throughout the 19th century Morgans were in demand due in part to their effortless ability to perform a wide variety of tasks ranging from field work on farms to transportation for commercial stagecoaches. By the 1840s, an effort to concentrate the line was underway and breeders in Vermont and western Massachusetts located second, third, and fourth generation descendants of the original Morgan horse to establish the foundations of the breed. In 1857, D.C. Linsley’s book Morgan Horses was published, becoming the first book to document to the history of Justin Morgan and origins of the breed.

During the Civil War, Morgans became valued for yet another feature: their ability to serve as capable cavalry mounts and artillery horses. Throughout the duration of the war, Morgans were in high demand and were often viewed as the horse that could accomplish feats that other teams could not. Indeed, the First Vermont Cavalry used only Morgan horses as mounts and quickly earned a reputation as an accomplished fighting unit.

In 1909, the Morgan Horse Club was established and in 1927 the club was incorporated as a membership corporation; this was the first time the club issued certificates of registration. Nearly five decades later in 1971, the Morgan Horse Club, Inc. was renamed the American Morgan Horse Association (AMHA). The headquarters of the AMHA moved to its permanent home in Shelburne, Vermont in 1988 where the association continues to maintain the breed registry, publish The Morgan Horse magazine, and offer a variety of public informaation and educational services.

Contents of Collection

As early as the 1840s, efforts were underway to concentrate the Morgan lines and document the breed’s history. The urge to preserve the integrity of the breed and to certify pedigrees continued throughout the nineteenth century and into the twentieth. In 1894, Joseph Battell published the first volume of the Morgan Horse and Register containing nearly 1,000 pages of pedigrees for “any meritorious stallion, mare, or gelding tracing in direct male line to Justin Morgan and having at least 1/64 of his blood.” It wasn’t until 1927, however, that the Morgan Horse Club (later the American Morgan Horse Association) first issued certificates of registration. Since then, the association has maintained the registry, which is the only source for purebred registered Morgans in the U.S.

The vast body of registration records from the American Morgan Horse Association includes approved applications along with pedigrees and supporting material for each registered horse.

dingbat for decoration
Inventory of Collection
Stallion service report, A-G 1970-1977 Box 1
Stallion service report, H-R 1970-1977 Box 2
Stallion service report, S-Z 1970-1977 Box 3
Stallion service report, A-K 1978-1980 Box 3
Stallion service report, L-Z 1978-1980 Box 4
Transfer applications stallions/geldings 6755-15531 1911-1966 Box 5
Transfer applications stallions/geldings 15532-16998 1911-1966 Box 6
Transfer applications stallions/geldings 17001-18000s 1966-1971 Box 6
Transfer applications stallions/geldings 19000s-21999 1966-1971 Box 7
Transfer applications stallions/geldings 22000-29311 1966-1971 Box 8
Transfer applications mares 3838-10000s 1910-1974 Box 8
Transfer applications mares 11000s-16624 1910-1974 Box 9
Transfer applications mares 16625-22000s 1963-1970 Box 10
Master horse files 6962, 7200-8218 1912-1939 Box 11
Master horse files 8219-9334 1930s-1940s Box 12
Master horse files 9335-10276 1940s Box 13
Master horse files 10277-11034 1940s-1955 Box 14
Master horse files 11035-11545 1955 Box 15
Master horse files 11547-11968 1955 Box 16
Master horse files 11969-12361 1955-1958 Box 17
Master horse files 12362-12759 1958 Box 18
Master horse files 12760-13186 1958-1960 Box 19
Master horse files 13187-13603 1960-1961 Box 20
Master horse files 13604-13989 1961 Box 21
Master horse files 13990-14380 1961-1962 Box 22
Master horse files 14381-14796 1962 Box 23
Master horse files 14797-15306 1962-1963 Box 24
Master horse files 15307-15835 1963-1965 Box 25
Master horse files 15836-16355 1965 Box 26
Master horse files 16356-16801 1965 Box 27
Master horse files 16802-17311 1965-1966 Box 28
Master horse files 17312-17915 1966 Box 29
Master horse files 17916-18529 1966-1967 Box 30
Master horse files 18530-18978 1967 Box 31
Master horse files 18979-19477 1967 Box 32
Master horse files 19478-19944 1967-1969 Box 33
Master horse files 19945-20409 1969 Box 34
Master horse files 20410-20869 1969 Box 35
Master horse files 20870-21291 1969-1970 Box 36
Master horse files 21292-21728 1970 Box 37
Master horse files 21729-22136 1970 Box 38
Master horse files 22137-22570 1970 Box 39
Master horse files 22571-23009 1970 Box 40
Master horse files 23010-23412 1970-1972 Box 41
Master horse files 23413-23811 1972 Box 42
Master horse files 23812-24249 1972 Box 43
Master horse files 24250-24679 1972 Box 44
Master horse files 24680-25049 1972 Box 45
Master horse files 25050-25450 1972-1973 Box 46
Master horse files 25451-25813 1973 Box 47
Master horse files 25814-26201 1973 Box 48
Master horse files 26202-26563 1973 Box 49
Master horse files 26564-26934 1973 Box 50
Master horse files 26935-27322 1973 Box 51
Master horse files 27323-27714 1973-1974 Box 52
Master horse files 27715-28097 1974 Box 53
Master horse files 28098-28461 1974 Box 54
Master horse files 28462-28854 1974 Box 55
Master horse files 28855-29248 1974 Box 56
Master horse files 29249-29654 1974 Box 57
Master horse files 29655-30028 1974 Box 58
Master horse files 30029-30390 1974 Box 59
Master horse files 30391-30773 1974-1976 Box 60
Master horse files 30774-31166 1976 Box 61
Master horse files 31167-31971 1976-1977 Box 62
Master horse files 31972-32150 1977 Box 63
Master horse files 2131-4812 1908 Box 64
Master horse files 4813-5699 1908, 1938 Box 65
Master horse files 5700-6799 1938 Box 66
Master horse files 6800-7538 1938, 1946 Box 67
Master horse files 7539-8126 1946, 1950 Box 68
Master horse files 8127-8556 1950 Box 69
Master horse files 8557-8995 1950, 1953 Box 70
Master horse files 8996-9413 1953 Box 71
Master horse files 9414-9822 1953, 1956 Box 72
Master horse files 9823-10189 1956 Box 73
Master horse files 10190-10564 1956 Box 74
Master horse files 10565-10939 1956 Box 75
Master horse files 10940-11321 1956 Box 76
Master horse files 11322-11693 1956, 1960 Box 77
Master horse files 11694-12094 1960-1961 Box 78
Master horse files 12095-12475 1961 Box 79
Master horse files 12476-12850 1961 Box 80
Master horse files 12851-13214 1961 Box 81
Master horse files 13215-13593 1961 Box 82
Master horse files 13594-13991 1961 Box 83
Master horse files 13992-14393 1961, 1964 Box 84
Master horse files 14394-14772 1964 Box 85
Master horse files 14773-15188 1964 Box 86
Master horse files 15189-15613 1964 Box 87
Master horse files 15614-16054 1964 Box 88
Master horse files 16055-16494 1964 Box 89
Master horse files 16495-16970 1964 Box 90
Master horse files 16971-17439 1964, 1968 Box 91
Master horse files 17440-17908 1968 Box 92
Master horse files 17909-18359 1968 Box 93
Master horse files 18360-18810 1968 Box 94
Master horse files 18811-19310 1968 Box 95
Master horse files 19311-19764 1968, 1970 Box 96
Master horse files 19765-20221 1970 Box 97
Master horse files 20222-20679 1970 Box 98
Master horse files 20680-21150 1970 Box 99
Master horse files 21151-21598 1970 Box 100
Master horse files 21599-22043 1970 Box 101
Master horse files 22044-22453 1970 Box 102
Master horse files 22454-22896 1970 Box 103
Master horse files 22897-23918 1970, 1973 Box 104
Master horse files 23919-24299 1973 Box 105
Master horse files 24300-24712 1973 Box 106
Master horse files 24713-25117 1973 Box 107
Master horse files 25118-25515 1973 Box 108
Master horse files 25516-25915 1973 Box 109
Master horse files 25916-26338 1973 Box 110
Master horse files 26339-26799 1973-1974 Box 111
Master horse files 26800-27196 1974 Box 112
Master horse files 27197-27578 1974 Box 113
Master horse files 27579-27999 1974 Box 114
Master horse files 28000-28457 1974 Box 115
Master horse files28458-28891 1974 Box 116
Master horse files 28892-29321 1974 Box 117
Master horse files 29322-29764 1974, 1976 Box 118
Master horse files 29765-30166 1976 Box 119
Master horse files 30167-30596 1976 Box 120
Master horse files 30597-31557 1976 Box 121
Master horse files 31558-31757 1976 Box 122
Master horse files 63907-64278 1977 Box 123
Master horse files 64279-64669 1977 Box 124
Master horse files 64670-65068 1977 Box 125
Master horse files 65069-65432 1977 Box 126
Master horse files 65433-65790 1977 Box 127
Master horse files 65791-66164 1977 Box 128
Master horse files 66165-66548 1977 Box 129
Master horse files 66550-66959 1977 Box 130
Master horse files 66960-67350 1977 Box 131
Master horse files 67351-67718 1977 Box 132
Master horse files 67719-68091 1977 Box 133
Master horse files 68092-68478 1977 Box 134
Master horse files 68479-68888 1977 Box 135
Master horse files 68889-69270 1977 Box 136
Master horse files 69271-69660 1977-1978 Box 137
Master horse files 69661-70066 1978 Box 138
Master horse files 70067-70488 1978 Box 139
Master horse files70489-70896 1978 Box 140
Master horse files 70897-71309 1978 Box 141
Master horse files 71310-71694 1978 Box 142
Master horse files 71695-72066 1978-1979 Box 143
Master horse files 72067-72455 1979 Box 144
Master horse files 72456-72832 1979 Box 145
Master horse files 72833-73233 1979 Box 146
Master horse files 73234-73649 1979 Box 147
Master horse files 73650-74065 1979 Box 148
Master horse files 74066-74477 1979 Box 149
Master horse files 74478-74872 1979 Box 150
Master horse files 74873-75232 1979 Box 151
Master horse files 75233-75619 1979 Box 152
Master horse files 75620-75990 1979 Box 153
Master horse files 75991-76335 1979 Box 154
Master horse files 76336-76734 1979-1980 Box 155
Master horse files 76735-77130 1980 Box 156
Master horse files 77131-77550 1980 Box 157
Master horse files 77551-77967 1980 Box 158
Master horse files 77968-78378 1980 Box 159
Master horse files 78379-78769 1980 Box 160
Master horse files 78770-79140 1980 Box 161
Master horse files 79141-79488 1980 Box 162
Master horse files 79489-79841 1980 Box 163
Master horse files 79842-80164 1980 Box 164
Master horse files 80165-80495 1980-1981 Box 165
Master horse files 80496-80843 1981 Box 166
Master horse files 80844-80899 1981 Box 167
dingbat for decoration
Provenance

Acquired from American Morgan Horse Association, 2013.

Processing Information

Processed by Dex Haven, 2014.

Copyright and Use (More informationConnect to publication information)

Cite as: American Morgan Horse Association Registry Records (MS 781). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

Subjects
  • Horses--Breeding
  • Morgan horse
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